Torture is prohibited by the Eighth Amendment to the US Constitution and the Geneva Conventions (signed by the United States). But after the onset of the “war on terror,” the Bush administration crafted a legal justification for so-called “enhanced interrogation techniques” such as waterboarding and authorized the military to use these techniques to torture detainees.
The Sixth Amendment promises a speedy and public trial, and the Fifth and Fourteenth amendments guarantee due process to protect from arbitrary denial of life, liberty or property.
The Senate Intelligence Committee has produced a lengthy report, much of it classified, about the CIA’s torture program. While most of it has not been released publicly, the record is clear that US officials engaged in unlawful torture, yet the Obama Department of Justice has declined to pursue any criminal prosecutions. Failing to hold accountable those who authorized and committed torture not only sends the wrong message to the international community, it lays the foundation for future Administrations to engage in torture.
In January 2002, the first prisoners arrived at Guantánamo Bay Detention Center. Since then, there has been a systematic effort to deprive these detainees of even the most basic legal rights, and strand them in permanent legal no-man’s land.
On the last day of 2011, President Obama signed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). The NDAA contains provisions that could allow indefinite and arbitrary military detention, without a trial or day in court, of anyone accused of any “belligerent act” or terror-related offense—including “material support” allegations based strictly on speech or association. It essentially subjects everyone within the US (including citizens, legal residents, and visitors) to the same lawless standards at work in Guantánamo Bay.
The NDAA subjects these individuals to arbitrary detention without trial, denying the Fifth Amendment’s guarantee of due process and Sixth Amendment rights to challenge evidence and confront one’s accusers. The NDAA also endangers First and Fourth Amendment rights, because the PATRIOT Act expanded the definition of “material support for terrorism” to include crimes of speech and association even by defendants who neither committed nor ever intended to support violence.
The men illegally detained at Guantanamo have suffered immeasurably, held without trial or hope, subjected to torture, indefinite detention, and isolation, many are not even charged with a crime. Now, a powerful exhibition of art created by some of these men has provoked the Pentagon and Department of Defense to suddenly declare that all art created by detainees will henceforth become the property of the US government and may no longer be removed from the prison, even upon a detainee’s clearance and release.
Since September, as the result of an opaque administrative policy shift, medical officers at Guantanamo have stopped force-feeding hunger strikers and stopped monitoring their deteriorating health. This move betrays a disregard for the lives of the men held prisoner there.
This tragedy should not be used to further erode civil liberties nor should it be used to incite racial and religious prejudice.
For over three weeks now, the US military has held a US citizen captured in Syria without charge. Scant information is available about this individual.